The Kirov region is situated in the central-eastern part of the European Russia, stretching for 570 km from the north to the south and for 440 km from the west to the east. The total area of region's territory in its modern borders is 120,8 thousand sq. km.
The region takes advantage of its location at the crossing of trade routes. Railways main lines are crossing the region, connecting the centre of Russia with the Urals, Siberia and Far East, and also with the southern regions. Waterways - the river Vyatka and its tributaries, which stretch for more than 2 thousand km, lead the region to the Baltic, White, Kaspian, Azof and Black Seas. The system of roads, the largest from which is the highway of federal importance Saint-Petersburg - Moscow -Ekaterinburg, connects the region with fts neighbouring regions.
The major natural resources of Vyatka are forests, mainly consisting of coniferous kinds of timber, they cover more than 60 % of the territory. In reserve of the forest Kirov region is one of the most richest regions in the European part of Russia Merchantable wood and lumber are exported to a great number of countries of the world. From time immemorial the forests of Vyatka are famous for great reserves of medicinal herbs, mushrooms, berries and game. The region is reach on mineral waters and medicinal mud. On its base the well-known health resorts "Nizhne-Ivkino", "Vуatskiуe Uvaly", sanatorium "Kolos" were built.
The great value have the deposits of mineral materials - ferrous and copper ore, peat, non-ore mineral raw materials: limestone, marl, gravel, glass-making sand and clay, used in porcelain and faience manufacture. On balance of the region there are 14 deposits of carbonate rocks. In some areas of the region the large bitumen shales were found. New technologies in output and thermal processing of these raw materials allow to get not only electric power, but also clear petroleum products, bitumen, rare kinds of oil, medicine and buildings materials.
Advantageous location, reserves of mineral and vegetable raw materials determine the diversity of the region's economy. Chemical and petrochemical industries, power industry, machine-building and wood-working industries, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy are developed in Vyatka.
Material production is based upon enterprises of defense-industrial complex. In the new economic conditions the largest plants of the region managed to profile and directed the part of their facilities to production of consumer goods, retaining its leading positions. Stock Company "Electrical Machine-Building Plant named in honour of Lepse", Vyatka State Machine-Building Enterprise "Avitek", Novovyatsky Machine-Building Plant and others actively master the new kinds of modern products.
Among the largest enterprises of the region are Stock Company "Belokholunizky Plant", producing the conveyors of all kinds for the metallurgy and chemical plants, for construction and agriculture; plant "Krasny Instrumentalshchik" - an unique producer of measuring gauges; Kirovsky Machine-Building Plant named in honour of the 1st of May - the largest plant in Russia, producing special equipment for construction and maintenance of railway.
The enterprises of ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy achieve a good pace of work in many respects thanks to large-scale technical re-equipment. Omutninsky Metallurgy Plant holds a firm position in the country in manufacture of special metal profiles, including lifting guides. The building of gas-main Yar - Omutninsk, with the length 53 km, being carried on, will provide Omutninsky Metallurgy Plant to go over to gas, what will allow to produce high-quality alloyed steel.
Among leading enterprises in woodprocessing are the plant "Krasny yakor" in the city of Slobodskoy, Novovyatsky plant of wood-processing. The products of furniture companies "Styling", "Vyatskaya Krona". "Furniture Wood-Processing Plant" are always much in demand of customers. The enterprise "MZ-5". specializing in upholstered furniture, was honoured by high awards, including international.
The enterprises of food and manufacturing industries take more and more noticeable part. Many enterprises have modernized their production, have installed modern equipment, produced in Germany, Italy, Japan, Sweden. The products of Kirov enterprises don't give up, and sometimes excel the western analogues not only in quality, but also in outward appearance. Products of Kirovsky Margarine Plant with trademark "Zdrava", Kirovsky Dairy Plant, Kirov Meat-Processing Plant got admission at all-Russian and international exhibitions. At the international trade forums in London and Brussels the products of Open Joint Stock Company "Slobodskoу Spirit-Vodka Plant" got gold and silver medals.
In agriculture the large and middle agriculture enterprises of various specialization dominate. Many agriculture enterprises have broadened their spheres of activities, have integrated the production, processing, sale, agroservice. Predominating branches of agriculture are:
- growing of rye and potatoes
- Meat and diary industries
- Producing of beer
- Producing of honey
- Processing of grains, flax, potato, mushrooms and berries
Since the ancient times Vyatka has been famous for its fur trade. Fur company "Metako" is more than 100 years old. One of the largest factories in Russia "Belka" and comparatively young firm "Kalinka" demonstrate annually their collections in Germany, Italy, France and at the prestigeous exhibitions in Russia and always with a success.
The Kirov region has an unique scientific potential. The applied scientific is highly developed here. The list of scientific institutions speaks for the intensity of scientific researches conducted in the region -Institute of Microbiology and Volgo-Vyatsky Centre of Applied Biotechnology, institututes of forestry, research institute of hunting and fur-farming, zonal research institute of agriculture of North-East, research institute of haematology and blood transfusion, research institute of computer technologies. All named institutions have modern experimental and production basis. which allows to introduce scientific developments into production rapider.
The Kirov region has unique potentials for cultural co-operation and tourism. There are about 1 000 libraries, among them - one of the oldest libraries of the country - regional scientific library named in honour of A.I. Hertzen; 3 theatres, 35 museums, among them one of the leading museums of the country - Regional Art Museum named in honour of brothers Vasnetsovs; Cabinet of Curiosities, Philharmonic Concert Hall, Organ Hall in Alexanrovsky Roman Catholic church. On the territory of the region there are about 1 000 monuments of history and culture, the architectural monuments of the VII millenium B.C. were well preserved. The programme of restoration of valuable monuments of church architecture of XVIII-XIX centuries, is conducted.
The Vyatka region being one of the unique Russian territories, reach in its nature and people, historical and cultural heritage, presents vast potential for perspective investments, is open for business contacts and is always glad to welcome its guests.
HEART OF VYATSKAYA LAND
The city of Kirov - administrative centre of one of the largest regions in the European part of Russian Federation is situated on the high left bank of the Vyatka river, 900 km from Moscow. The area of the city is 748 thousand sq. km., it is divided into four administrative districts. The population is 513 thousand people. Kirov is a large industrial, transport and cultural centre. It is a point of crossing of the main raylways lines connecting North- West and Centre of Russia with the Urals, Siberia and Far East, and also with the northern regions of the country.
Kirov is famous in Russia and abroad for the products of heavy machine-building, aircraft, machine-tool, wood-processing and light industries, folk craft - famous Dymkovskaya toy, souveniers from birch-bark. The washing machines, electric cookers, furniture, skies, wallboards, clothes and foot-wear, leather and fur articles are produced here.
The products with trademarks of Kirov enterprises are exported to the countries of The Independent States as well as abroad. In the structure of exports the following branches dominate:
- chemical and petrochemical products
- woodworking and paper products
- machinery, equipment, mechanisms
- ferrous and nonferrous rolled products
The industry complex plays the leading part in economics of the city, from the point of view of providing with working places and of forming of city budget. The industrial coplex has overcome the consequences of the financial crisis and has restored the positive dymanics of the growth of production volumes. The largest rates of development were recorded in machine-building and metal-proceeding, light and food ingustry. The biggest industial enterprises of the city are: Vyatka State Machine- Building Plant "Avitek"; JSC "Artificial Leather Plant"; JSC "Kirov Tire Plant"; Novovyatsky Machine- Building Plant; Novovyatsky Skies-making Plant; JSC "Electrical Machine- Building Plant Lepse" and others. Also well-known are enterprises of food industry: JSC "Kirov Factory of Frosen Products", JSC "Vуatich", "Kirov Diary Factory", JSC "Vуatvodsрirt" and others. Small and medium business also contributes greatly to the development of the economical potential of the city.
The building construction in Kirov is effected at a growing rate. During the first half of 2002 524 new fiats were built. In social sphere new hospitals were built, gas connections were laid, new power lines were put in action.
Broad variety of Kirov educational institutions allow to train high- qualified specialists not only for Kirov region, but also for different regions of Russia.
The inhabitants of the city carefully keep the cultural and historical traditions. In the centre of the city the old private houses and modern living buildings and offices are in harmony well. By people means the erection of temple of Vera, Nadezhda, Lyubov and their mother Sophia is drawing to the end.
Kirov is proud of its cultural wealth. There is a lot of museums, three theatres - regional Drama Theatre named in honour of S.M. Kirov, Theatre for Young Spectators ("Theatre in the Spasskaya Street"), Puppet Theatre. On the base of one of the oldest libraries of Russia - library named in honour of Hertzen the German Culture Centre works, on the base of Diorama the Sweden Culture Centre was founded. In 2002 Kirov was annonced the "Capital of Culture" of Privolzhsky Federal District.
The inhabitants of Kirov are known as industrious workers, reliable partners and cordial hosts. The wide network of hotels with the high level of service is always ready to receive guests of the city. The large number of restraurants are famous for many Russian and European dishes, in the comfortable bars you can taste the fine beer of local production, brewed in accordance with the special, carefully kept recipes.
In 2002 the city of Kirov celebrated its 628th anniversary. The combination of great industrial and spiritual potential makes our city attractive concerning both economical, social and cultural spheres. The city continues the best traditions of the past and is open for mutually advantageous co-operation not only with the neighbouring regions but also with the neighbouring and far foreign countries.